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Aleksandra Szunke



The instability of the banking sector has become the subject of wider scientific research during the global financial crisis. The financial crisis of the first decade of the twenty-first century began in the U.S. subprime mortgage market and quickly spread to the whole banking sector in the United States as well as in many countries of the global economy. Among five major American investment banks - Lehman Brothers went bankrupt, Bear Stearns and Merrill Lynch were taken over by other banks, and Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley were transformed into commercial banks, which were covered by the supervision and regulations of the central bank - the Federal Reserve System. The consequences of the global financial crisis also affected British banks, including The Royal Bank of Scotland, Lloyds Bank, Halifax, Abbey Bank, Barclays Bank and NBC Bank. In Iceland, during the global financial crisis which affected the Icelandic banking sector, three largest banks: Glitnir Bank, Landsbanki and Kauphting were nationalized, which means that the control was taken over by their government. It has caused, that reflections and scientific research on financial stability were replaced by the study of instability in particular in relation to the banking sector. The main aim of the study is to identify the general framework of the response system of central banks on the phenomenon of banking sector instability, in the context of preventing it in a long term. Current - the traditional system proved to be ineffective, because it did not prevent the spread of the factors that led to the destabilization of the banking market.

Keywords: Monetary Policy, Crisis, Banking Sector, Instability

How to cite this paper: Szunke, A. (2014). Changes in monetary policy after the crisis - towards preventing banking sector instability. [Conference issue]. Corporate Ownership & Control, 11(3-2), 470-476.