CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND FIRM PERFORMANCE IN EMERGING ECONOMIES: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF SRI LANKAN FIRMS

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Athula Manawaduge, Anura De Zoysa, Khorshed Chowdhury, Anil Chandarakumara

DOI:10.22495/cocv8i4c2art2

Abstract

This paper offers an empirical analysis of the impact of capital structure on firm performance in the context of an emerging market—Sri Lanka. The study applies both pooled and panel data regression models for a sample of 155 Sri Lankan-listed firms. The results demonstrate that most of the Sri Lankan firms finance their operations with short-term debt capital as against the long-term debt capital and provide strong evidence that the firm performance is negatively affected by the use of debt capital. The study also finds a significant negative relationship between tangibility and performance indicating inefficient utilization of non-current assets. The negative performance implications associated with over-utilization of short-term debts and the under-utilization non-current assets provide corporate managers with useful policy directions.

Keywords: Capital Structure, Leverage, Corporate Performance, Emerging Markets, Sri Lanka

How to cite this paper: Manawaduge, A., De Zoysa, A., Chowdhury, K., & Chandarakumara, A. (2011). Capital structure and firm performance in emerging economies: An empirical analysis of Sri Lankan firms. Corporate Ownership & Control, 8(4-2), 253-263. http://dx.doi.org/10.22495/cocv8i4c2art2