PYRAMID GROUPS AND FIRM PERFORMANCE: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM CANADIAN CORPORATIONS

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Gloria Y. Tian

DOI:10.22495/cocv7i3p8

Abstract

Using data of Canadian corporations in 1994 and 2003, this study analyzes whether controlling shareholders of corporate pyramid groups, with substantial divergences in ownership and control, negatively or positively impact firm performance. We find some evidence that the combination of ownership concentration and pyramidal structure would lead to inferior firm performance and valuation, but little evidence concerning tunneling within groups. We argue the robust legal environment in Canada that encourages shareholder value maximization could mitigate the negative impact of control enhancing mechanisms on minority public investors.

Keywords: Corporate Governance, Pyramid Groups, Ownership, Firm Performance, Family Firms

How to cite this paper: Tian, G. Y. (2010). Pyramid groups and firm performance: empirical evidence from Canadian corporations. Corporate Ownership & Control, 7(3), 105-123. http://doi.org/10.22495/cocv7i3p8