JOB INSECURITY, SENSE OF COHERENCE AND THE GENERAL HEALTH OF EMPLOYEES AT A HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION IN SOUTH AFRICA

Download This Article

Sam T Setati, Marius Stander, Wilfred I. Ukpere

DOI:10.22495/cocv12i4c6p6

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between job insecurity, sense of coherence and general health of employees in a higher education institution in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A random sample (n = 229) was taken from academic and non-academic staff members of the institution. The Job Insecurity Inventory, General Health Questionnaire and Orientation to Life Questionnaire were administered. The results showed that a negative relationship exists between job insecurity and general health, while a positive relationship exists between sense of coherence and general health. High job insecurity and a weak sense of coherence predicted ill health. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that higher education institutions should attend to job insecurity by communicating effectively with employees, in order to clarify expectations, and ensure support from supervisors. Developing the employees’ sense of coherence can positively impact on their wellness. Owing to the cross-sectional design of the study, no conclusions regarding causality was drawn.

Keywords: Job Insecurity, General Health, Sense of Coherence, Higher Education Institutions, Moderation Effect

How to cite this paper: Setati, S. T., Stander, M., & Ukpere, W. I. (2015). Job insecurity, sense of coherence and the general health of employees at a higher education institution in South Africa. Corporate Ownership & Control, 12(4-6), 660-670. http://doi.org/10.22495/cocv12i4c6p6